reset, checkout, revert

File-level reset

When invoked with a file path, git reset updates the staged snapshot to match the version from the specified commit. For example, this command will fetch the version of in the 2nd-to-last commit and stage it for the next commit:

git reset HEAD~2

As with the commit-level version of git reset, this is more commonly used with HEAD rather than an arbitrary commit. Running git reset HEAD will unstage The changes it contains will still be present in the working directory.


The --soft, --mixed, and --hard flags do not have any effect on the file-level version of git reset, as the staged snapshot is always updated, and the working directory is never updated.